Thursday, January 10, 2008

India: 60 Years: 60 Words: [5] Bureaucracy

India: 60 Years: 60 Words: [5] Bureaucracy

[India has competed 60 years of independence and to mark this, I am presenting this series of Articles, about the words, that are meaning a lot for the progress of the country. If you feel I missed some thing [For listing of words see the first article “India: 60 Years: 60 Words”] do inform me at I will try to include that at the end of series]

From cricket to politics, from national policy making program to day to day governance of any format of government, presence and dominance of the bureaucrats is so strong that no one ca go away without feeling influence of it. It is not much to go for behind turning the history pages to see the over crowded news headlines of clash between central healths Minister Ramdas and Doctors from the most reputed medical institute of the country AIMS. Further depth of history pages will provided clear evidences for the presence and dominance of license and permit rule in the free industrial India. In fact the trend of dominance of bureaucracy was started with the introduction of educational system designed by Meccale in the post independence era for generating good knowledgeable servants which can work to help for strengthening the rooting of British Rule over the country.

After the independence political and social leadership of the country didn’t bother to think about changing the educational system as the priorities, aim and objectives of education surely changed with the ruling system. The probable reason for which the leadership not thought of educational system because they were the products of the that educational system, this thought also being reflected from the drafting of constitution of democratic setup which shows a huge inspiration from the constitution of British’s instead of democratic country America. All this has provided ample space for the dominance by the bureaucracy during the initial years of free India. Low literacy and unawareness of laws by the common citizens were the boosting and favorable factors for this dominance. It was only after the death of first Prime Minister Pt. Jawaharlal Nehuru that a thought of controlling bureaucracy was generated among the minds of the politicians of the country and in a few years time Prime Minister Indira Gandhi took first step in the direction with the Nationalisation of the Banking sector of the country. The momentum of reforms was kept on going by Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi with schemes like “One window Clarence” especially for the industry and foreign investment. M. Chidambaram the Union finance Minister also came forward with several steps and policy amendments which worked for the minimizing the bureaucratic interference.

During the rule of BJP, many sectors like the Telecommunication, Road Construction and Power Generation etc. were made open for local private sector and foreign investment. This has not only resulted in, reducing the dominance of bureaucracy, but also proved a reason, for speedy development of the country through the increased availability of infra structural facilities.

Though still a lot is needed to be done as still the inference and dominance of bureaucracy is at higher levels than what is observed in most of other older democratic setups of the world. Surely for the few sectors like industry, Telecommunication and foreign investment are a pleasant scene is there with a minimal interference of bureaucracy.

Indian railways might, will be the best illustration to indicate the positive effects of reducing the powers and interference by the bureaucracy. Over the years this largest Public sector of country was in action with considerable deficits. The scenario was altered by Shri Lalu Prasad Yadav, since he becomes the Union Railway Minister. Many people might, will flow with the thought that during all those years railways was under developmental phases, but does it was possible without a vision and implementation to bring a large sector like railways in the productive status from the trend of deficit of years? Surely here Lalu is entitled for an appreciation for writing the story with pen of minimizing the bureaucratic and make the system transparent to a great extant for the people in general.

Liberal economic policies, ever high going of achievements and use of technological excellence, up going educational levels , awareness towards the rights of common citizens and steeping in the by the judiciary into the working and defining the accountability are among the few other reasons which not only worked for the reduction of bureaucratic interference but also brought the bureaucracy on the road from where this is going to prove a great help for the country to regain the prestigious past holding of being the world leaders and speed up the journey of the country on the roads intended to make India world’s super powers in next few years.

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