Thursday, January 03, 2008

India: 60 Years: 60 Words: [1] Assam Unrest

India: 60 Years: 60 Words: [1] Assam Unrest

[India has competed 60 years of independence and to mark this, I am presenting this series of Articles, about the words, that are meaning a lot for the progress of the country. If you feel I missed some thing [For listing of words see the first article “India: 60 Years: 60 Words”] do inform me at I will try to include that at the end of series]

Regional and geographical situation of Indian state Assam is making it easy entrance gate into India for the people from the neighboring nation Bangladesh. Over the years this migration is proving a thorn in the flesh and there are huge complains about the rights of native citizens being over shadowed by the presence of these Bangladeshi people there in the state. It is the beauty and deed to be appreciated that in our democratic set up, our social institutions always succeeded in converting various social problems linked with the political situations and consciousness of the area and the country. Assam unrest was illustration of this, which was merged into politics of Assam during the years from 1979 to 1985. All these years the situation was taken and identified as the success of democratic set up allowing people to raise their voice for the violation of their rights.

All Assam Student Union and All Assam Gan Sangram Parshid who were leading the protest against the migration of Bangladeshi citizens and agitating for making the rights of native citizens safe guarded by introduction of law preventing the migration, reached to consent with central government of India and fresh Assembly Elections were held in the state in the year 1985. Assam Gan Parshid came into power under the leadership of Shri Priffulkumar Mahant but the problem of illegal migration from Bangladesh remained unsolved. In fact by that time the problem turn into identification of migrated Bangladeshi, as many of them were listed in the electoral list of the state, though a considerable break was seen in number of new migrants. Central government has passed a bill [IMDT] in the year 1983 to tackle the problem of illegal migration and identification of these migrants. The implementation of the law was under the shadows of irregularities and provided space for criticism and adverse remarks by the Supreme Court of India in the July 2005.

Communal harmony in the Assam is under the constant threat ever since the emergence of problem and social relations of Hindu Muslims are going through tense phase and at the worst situation. According to United Liberation Front of Assam [ULFA], which is in the existence there since 1979 and presently leading the agitation and protest activities, Assam Pact failed because governments in all these years failed to take care about the rights of native citizens.

Assam Unrest was not a 100% violence free agitation since the start, unfortunately the situations there are now turning into Assamees and rest of Indians, and this is being reflected from the killing of 33 labors from the Bihar by ULFA fundamentalist in the January 2007. This is the right time that citizen of the state should realize that violence was never part of Indian life style and the problem of migration is not just of the state but also of the nation. We the Indians are people progressing by making our diversity as our strength and believe in the “Unity in diversity”. We have to remember no plant grow without watering and situation in the state is not different from the Jammu & Kashmir, where militants are getting support from the native citizen, here also the migrants are being supported by at least a fraction of native population and that is proving the main hurdle for the solution of problem.

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