Tuesday, May 20, 2008

India 60 years 60 words Green Revolution

India 60 years 60 words Green Revolution

Among the basic needs of human beings surely food is the most essential one. Historically India was among the world lands with the higher rate of starvation deaths till 1967 even after having fertile land and favorable climatic conditions country was unable to attain self sufficiency in the production of food grains. According to Nobel Prize [1998] winner Indian economist Amartya Sen, this was not just the urge for self sufficiency in food grain yielding but also the higher rate of population growth was also stressing the implementation of adoptive measure to meet with the vigorously growing need of food stuffs.

From the independence in 1947 to 1967 two decades were utlised for coming out with a definite plan to tackle the problems population growth and food grain production. This plan was the “Green Revolution”.

In this plan the efforts of increasing the land under cultivation in force since 1947 were more intensified and the traditional monsoons based agricultural annual activities were shifted to “Double cropping” system with the irrigation facilities, being made available to farmers with the help of numerous dames constructed during these two decade and various rivers of the country. Dr. M.P. Singh, the name written with golden ink in the history of Green Revolution of India, was the instrumental behind the introduction of High Yielding Seeds [HYS] to agricultural world of the country. The use of HYS provided the success platform for the Green Revolution.

Effects of Green Revolution

1. India is not only the self sufficient but also one among the countries with the highest agricultural production.
2. Country is among the food grains exporter countries.
3. With Green Revolution concept of cash crops, Stress on production of fruits and flowers are become essential part of farming.
4. Production of Unit farmland is increased by 30% in compare to 1947.
5. Green Revolution provided scope for Industrial boost also as HYS needs more water, more fertilizer, more pesticides, fungicides and certain other chemicals.
6. For the irrigation more dams were constructed, which prompted for constructing hydro electric power production and resulted in industrial growth.
7. Green Revolution proved reason for the higher economic status of farmers, the middle class economic sector of country.

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