Saturday, March 17, 2007

Creativity and Education

It is not so easy to define the term "Creativity”, usually any work which is uncommon and unknown among the people is treated as the creative work. It may be composition of any type of music, preparation of any new thing, or even a novel idea. Psychologist also has shown a deferential view point towards the creativity. According to Mcknnion - Creativity is a process extended in the time and characterized by originality, adoptive ness and realization.Where as Drevdhal defines it as Creativity is the capacity of a person to produce composition, products or idea of any kind which are essentially new or novel and previously unknown to producer.To some others Creativity means a device which is useful to distinguish the creative behavior from the original behavior. They say that creative behavior is one which is less frequent and unique in the nature.
The Process of Creativity The process of creativity involves two distinct methods of thinking namely [1] Convergent Thinking and [2] Divergent Thinking.
Convergent Thinking: Emphasis is on the already known result. This thinking process leads pupil to reach a pre known answer. If a science students write the column of inference “As the given salt gives carbon dioxide when treated with acid hence carbonate radical is present in the salt." Here carbon dioxide is the pre known answer.
Divergent Thinking: It sets you free to find the answer of the problem as per your own. In this thought process you are neither bound to reach to a pre known answer nor you will be supplied with that. You will have to work on your own way.
Hurdles for the development of Creativity It is just next to impossible task to produce creative person by the means of education but it is not much difficult to improve the creativity of any individual. Some of hurdles that are listed by educationist for the process of creativity are can be described as fallows1. Authorititarian Curriculum: Still our syllabus is very much authoritarian in the nature. There is no or very little space is available to entertain the needs, interest and family or social environment of the student.2. Evolution System: This is the main and most important evil of our present system. It doesn't allow development any novel or new idea.3. Key books and rote learning: Students are slowly and gradually are going on the path being habituate for the frequent use of key books they are also encouraged for the rote learning.4. Teacher: Still our education is teacher centered one. In the class room students are can be seen as the passive participant in the process of education, they are left with the only choice of following the instructions of teacher in other words you can say that door of thinking are kept closed.5. Schools: Heavy academics are not allowing any kind of activities related with co-circular or extra curricular fields of education and closes even the thinnest chance for the creativity.
Suggestion for the development of creativity You can't disagree with this factual finding that each and every person is equipped with a fragment of creativity which can be developed through the environmental and educational process; the glimpse of this goes on reflection with the experiences of the individual. According to Mahatma Gandhi “Education should be directed towards the exposure of the qualities hidden in side of the person". Thus to develop creativity fallowing are few suggestions:-1. There must a supportive atmosphere in the class room for the free expression. Students should be encouraged for over come to their shyness and fears.2. Instead of present authoritarian syllabus, a new one based on the needs, abilities and interest should be introduced. 3. Activity based education methods must be implemented without delay.4. Teachers must change their vision to education, this is the most important as failure in this aspect will leads towards the total failure.5. Key books must be banned as they create a discouraging atmosphere for the development of creativity by promoting rote learning.

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